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Beshai Palangon

Beshai Palangon. Tiger beam (Tajik. Beshai palangon is a nature reserve in Tajikistan. Located at the confluence of the vakhsh and panj rivers. The territory of the reserve with an area of about 50 thousand hectares. Extends from the Panj river in the South. And the Kashka Kum desert to the Khoja-Kozian ridge. Received the status of the reserve in 1938. Administrative subordination-dzhilikulsky district of Khatlon region, Republic of Tajikistan.

Tiger beam occupy a significant territory relatively little affected by anthropogenic impact. The reserve preserves rare and especially valuable species of animals typical for tugai — Bukhara deer. There was a Turanian tiger, which became extinct in the middle of the XX century.

The 460 km2 reserve is described by the WWF as the most important nature reserve in Central Asia, because of its large size and ecological diversity. In addition it is very important for rare species of tugay, or riparian forest, ecosystems. Highest elevations reach about 1,200 m above sea level. The climate is continental and dry, the different habitats of Tigrovaya Balka comprise semideserts, savanna-like grasslands with pistachio trees and tugay vegetation with poplars, Russian silverberry and high grasses.

The reserve has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA) because it supports significant numbers of the populations of various bird species, either as residents, or as overwintering, breeding or passage migrants. These include red-crested pochards, pygmy cormorants, saker falcons, common coots, common cranes, pale-backed pigeons, pallid scops-owls, Egyptian nightjars, white-winged woodpeckers, brown-necked ravens, great tits, desert larks, streaked scrub-warblers, Sykes’s warblers, Asian desert warblers, saxaul sparrows and desert finches.

Beshai Palangon